HORACE, QUINTUS HORATIUS FLACCUS°

HORACE, QUINTUS HORATIUS FLACCUS°
HORACE, QUINTUS HORATIUS FLACCUS° (65–8 B.C.E.), Roman lyric poet and satirist. At the beginning of one of his Satires (1:4, 10) he describes a poet as scribbling bad verse while "standing on one foot," which was the phrase used by the proselyte who approached hillel , Horace's contemporary (Shab. 31a). At the end of the Satires (1:4) he refers to the zeal of Jewish missionary activity: "We are much more numerous, and like the Jews we shall force you to join our throng," perhaps a satirical reference to Exodus 23:2. The "thirtieth Sabbath" (Satires, 1:9, 69), which has been variously identified as Shabbat Parashat ha-Ḥodesh, Shabbat ha-Gadol, Passover, the Day of Atonement, Tabernacles, Shabbat Rosh Hodesh ("the thirtieth, a Sabbath"), the thirtieth anniversary of the conquest of Palestine by Pompey, or the thirtieth Sabbath as numbered by the sect of the Dead Sea Scrolls, is most probably a deliberately meaningless reference to Jewish superstition, so sharply attacked by the other Roman satirists, notably juvenal . Elsewhere (Satires, 1:5, 100) Horace refers to the gullibility of the Jew Apella as a byword and contrasts the Epicurean view of the gods with the providential "sad" theology of the Jews (perhaps an allusion to the alleged fasting on the Sabbath mentioned by other Roman writers such as trogus pompeius , augustus , Strabo, Persius, petronius , and martial ). The name Apella is perhaps Horace's satirical reference to circumcision, since, as the fourth-century commentator Porphyrion suggests, the name may be Horace's deliberately ridiculous etymology alluding to the Jews as being without a foreskin (pellis). In considering Horace's statements about the Jews, one must always remember that he is a satirist, though relatively more gentle than Juvenal. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Reinach, Textes, 244–7; M. Radin, Jewsamong the Greeks and Romans (1915), 245–9, 399–402; Alexander, in: Classical Philology, 37 (1942), 385–97; Baumgarten, in: VT, 16 (1966), 277–86. (Louis Harry Feldman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Quintus Horatius Flaccus — Horaz (Phantasiedarstellung nach Anton von Werner) Horaz (Aussprache: [hoˈʀats], * 8. Dezember 65 v. Chr. in Venusia; † 27. November 8 v. Chr.), eigentlich Quintus Horatius Flaccus, ist neben Vergil einer der bedeutendsten römischen Dichter der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quintus Horatius — Horaz (Phantasiedarstellung nach Anton von Werner) Horaz (Aussprache: [hoˈʀats], * 8. Dezember 65 v. Chr. in Venusia; † 27. November 8 v. Chr.), eigentlich Quintus Horatius Flaccus, ist neben Vergil einer der bedeutendsten römischen Dichter der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HORACE — (Quintus Horatius Flaccus) est avec Virgile, son contemporain et son ami, le plus célèbre des poètes latins. Très admiré de son vivant, il a exercé une grande influence sur tout le développement de la poésie dans les littératures modernes. Il… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Horace — m English and French: from the old Roman family name HORATIUS (SEE Horatius). The name was once widely used among admirers of the Roman poet Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus), but it is at present out of fashion. See also HORATIO (SEE Horatio).… …   First names dictionary

  • Flaccus — was a Roman cognomen of the plebs Fulvius, considered one of the most illustrious gentes of the city. Cicero and Pliny the Elder state that the family was originally from Tusculum, and that members still lived there in the 1st century.As usual… …   Wikipedia

  • Horace — Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (Venosa, December 8, 65 BC Rome, November 27, 8 BC), known in the English speaking world as Horace, was the leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus.LifeBorn in Venosa or Venusia, as it was called in his day …   Wikipedia

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  • Horatius — is the name of a gens of ancient Rome. * Horatius Cocles, legendary hero * The Horatii, three members of the Horatius gens who fought to the death against the Curatii. * Marcus Horatius M.f. Pulvillus, consul 509 and 507 BC * Caius Horatius M.f.… …   Wikipedia

  • Horatius — m Latin: an old Roman family name, which is of obscure, possibly Etruscan, origin. Its most famous bearer by far was the Roman poet Quintus Horatius Flaccus (65–8 BC), gene ly nown in English as HORACE (SEE Horace). From the mid 19th century, the …   First names dictionary

  • Horace's Villa — is a Roman archaeological complex near Licenza, Italy. Besides the impressive remains on the site, the Licenza villa is of interest because it is one of the few ancient houses whose owner we can hope to identify. This identification is possible… …   Wikipedia

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